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«LONDONWEST MIDLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT Volume 2 | Community Forum Area report CFA7 | Colne Valley November 2013 ES 3.2.1.7 VOL LondonWest Midlands ...»

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 train operation activities could result in effects on amenity (e.g. air quality, noise, and vibration, and visual impacts) which could affect a business’s operations. Any resulting effects on employment are reported at a route-wide level; and  potential employment opportunities created by new business opportunities.

Scope, assumptions and limitations 10.2 10.2.1 The assessment scope, key assumptions and limitations for the socio-economics assessment are set out in Volume 1, the SMR (see Volume 5: Appendix CT-001-000/1) and the SMR addendum (Volume 5: Appendix CT-001-000/2). This report follows the standard assessment methodology.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics 10.2.2 There have been no variations to the socio-economic assessment methodology arising from engagement with stakeholders and community organisations.

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Business and labour market 10.3.3 Within the LBH, where most socio-economic impacts will arise, the professional, scientific and technical services sector accounts for the largest proportion of businesses (13%), with the construction (12%) and retail (11%) sectors also accounting for relatively large numbers of businesses within the borough. In Three Rivers District, the professional, scientific and technical services sector accounts for the largest proportion of businesses (19%), with the construction (14%) and the information and communication sector (10%) also accounting for relatively large proportions. The professional, scientific and technical services sector also accounts for the largest (21%) proportion of businesses within South Bucks, whilst construction (11%) and information and communication (10%) are also important sectors. This is shown below in Figure 7. For comparison, within the London region the professional, scientific and technical services sector accounts for the largest number of businesses (20%), with the information and communication (11%), retail (10%) and arts, entertainment, recreation and other services (8%) sectors also accounting for relatively large numbers of businesses.

Further information on the socio-economics baseline, with regard to business and labour market profile within the area, is contained, Volume 5 (Appendix SE-001-000) DCA have been determined through an understanding of local context and aim to be aligned as closely as possible to groups of lower super output areas (LSOAs)

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0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 10.3.4 Approximately 180,000 people worked in LBH, 31,000 in South Bucks and 32,000 in Three Rivers District while 2,000 people worked within Denham Green DCA, 3,000 within Maple Cross and West Hyde DCA and 1,000 within South Harefield DCA84.

10.3.5 According to the ONS Business Register and Employment Survey 2011, the sector accounting for the highest proportion of employment in the LBH is transport and storage accounting for 28% of jobs. This is compared to 5% recorded for both London and England. Employment in the business administration and support services sector accounts for 11%, which is greater than regional and national levels (10% and 8% respectively). The sector with the highest proportion of employment in South Buckinghamshire is accommodation and food services with 12% of jobs, compared to 7% in England. The sector with the highest proportion of employment in Three Rivers District is construction which accounts for 14% of jobs, compared to 5% in England.

This is shown in Figure 8. Key sectors, in terms of employment for Denham Green DCA are accommodation and food services (34%) and wholesale (23%). For Maple Cross and West Hyde DCA key sectors are construction (58%) and motor trades (11%). The key sector in South Harefield DCA was professional, scientific and technical (68%).

‘Other’ includes agriculture, forestry and fishing, motor trades, finance and insurance, property, public administration and defence, health and education sectors.

Office of National Statistics (ONS) (2011), UK Business: Activity, Size and Location, ONS, London. Please note 2011 data has been presented to provide an appropriate comparison with 2011 Census data.

ONS (2012), Business Register and Employment Survey 2011, ONS, London.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics Figure 8: Proportion of employment by industrial sector in the LBH, South Bucks, Three Rivers and London85

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‘Other’ includes agriculture, forestry and fishing, production, construction, motor trades, wholesale, information and communication, finance and insurance, property and arts, entertainment, recreation and other services sectors.

ONS (2012), Census 2011, ONS, London.

The proportion of working age (16-74 years) of residents that are in employment. Employment comprises the proportion of the total resident population who are ‘in employment’ and includes full-time students who are employed.

Unemployment figures have been rounded. DCA unemployment rates are presented for each DCA in this chapter while in Section 2 they are shown in aggregate.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

Harefield DCA. The proportion of residents with no qualifications was 29% in Denham Green, 23% in Maple Cross and West Hyde DCA and 26% in South Harefield DCA.

10.3.10 The Denham Green, Maple Cross and West Hyde, and South Harefield DCA are predominantly residential areas, set within a mostly rural and agricultural district, recording high rates of employment and low unemployment. However, they are characterised by below average levels of higher qualification attainment compared to both regional and national averages.





Future baseline Construction (2017) 10.3.11 Volume 5: Appendix CT-004-000 provides details of the developments which are assumed to have been implemented by 2017. There are no consents in this area which are expected to accommodate additional material employment by 2017.

Operation (2026) 10.3.12 Volume 5: Appendix CT-004-000 provides details of the developments which are assumed to have been implemented by 2026. There are no consents or allocations in this area which are expected to accommodate additional material employment between 2017 and 2026.

Effects arising during construction 10.4 Avoidance and mitigation measures 10.4.1 In order to avoid or minimise the environmental impacts during construction, the design of the Proposed Scheme includes provisions to maintain access to businesses during the construction phase.

10.4.2 The draft CoCP includes a range of provisions that will help mitigate the socioeconomic effects associated with construction within this local area, including:

 consulting businesses located close to hoardings on the design, materials used and construction of the hoarding, to reduce impacts on access to and visibility of their premises (draft CoCP Section 5);

 reducing nuisance through sensitive layout of construction sites (draft CoCP Section 5);

 applying best practicable means (BPM) during construction works to reduce noise (including vibration) at sensitive receptors (including local businesses) (draft CoCP Section 13);

 contractors will be required to monitor and manage flood risk and other extreme weather events which may affect socio-economic resources during construction (draft CoCP Sections 5 and 16); and  site specific traffic management measures including requirements relating to the movement of traffic from business and commercial operators of road vehicles, including goods vehicles (draft CoCP Section 14).

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

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 Chiltern Tunnel main compound/Chiltern tunnel south portal satellite compound.

10.4.8 The use of these sites could result in the creation of 2900 person years of construction employment opportunities90, equivalent to 290 full time equivalent permanent jobs91, which, depending on skill levels required and the skills of local people, are potentially accessible to residents in the locality and to others living further afield. The impact of the direct construction employment creation has been assessed as part of the route wide assessment (see Volume 3).

10.4.9 Direct construction employment created by the Proposed Scheme could also lead to opportunities for local businesses to supply the project or to benefit from expenditure of construction workers. The impact of indirect construction employment creation has been assessed as part of the route-wide assessment (see Volume 3).

Cumulative effects 10.4.10 No committed developments have been identified that are considered to interact with the Proposed Scheme which are relevant to socio-economics.

10.4.11 Cumulative effects arise in relation to the accumulation of individual resource based job displacement/losses on a local labour market. These effects are assessed and reported as part of the route-wide assessment (see Volume 3).

10.4.12 Combined effects arise where business establishments are affected by other environmental effects (from noise, vibration, air quality, visual and construction traffic) such that their ability to trade is disadvantaged thereby potentially prejudicing jobs in business establishments affected. These effects are identified earlier in Section 1 and assessed in the route-wide assessment (see Volume 3).

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Construction labour is reported in construction person years, where one construction person year represents the work done by one person in a year composed of a standard number of working days.

Based on the convention that 10 employment years is equivalent to one full time equivalent job.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

10.4.16 It is estimated that land required for the construction of the Proposed Scheme will result in the displacement or possible loss of approximately 10 jobs92. Taking into account the availability of alternative premises and the total employed within the district, the displacement or possible loss of jobs is considered to be modest compared to the scale of economic activity and opportunity in the area.

Cumulative effects 10.4.17 No committed developments have been identified that are considered to interact with the Proposed Scheme.

10.4.18 Cumulative effects arise in relation to the accumulation of individual resource based job displacement/losses on a local labour market. These effects are assessed and reported as part of the route-wide assessment (see Volume 3).

Other mitigation measures 10.4.19 The above assessment has concluded that there are significant adverse effects arising during construction in relation to amenity effects on businesses by the Proposed Scheme.

10.4.20 Businesses displaced by the Proposed Scheme will be fully compensated within the provisions of the National Compensation Code. HS2 Ltd recognises the importance of displaced businesses being able to relocate to new premises and will therefore provide additional support over and above statutory requirements to facilitate this process.

10.4.21 The construction of the Proposed Scheme offers considerable opportunities to businesses and residents along the line of route in terms of supplying goods and services and obtaining employment. HS2 Ltd is committed to working with its suppliers to build a skilled workforce that fuels further economic growth across the UK.

Summary of likely significant residual effects 10.4.22 The residual significant socio-economic effects that will arise during construction of the Proposed Scheme are the same as those reported above, as illustrated on Maps SE-01-020 to SE-01-022a (Volume 5, Socio-economics Map Book).

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Employment within businesses has been estimated through a combination of sources, for example, surveys of businesses, the Experian employment dataset, employment floor space and the Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) (2010) Employment Densities Guide 2nd Edition.

The estimate is calculated using standard employment density ratios and estimates of floor areas and may vary from actual employment at the sites.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

Change in business amenity 10.5.3 Businesses within the Colne Valley area may experience air quality, noise and vibration and visual impacts as a result of operation of the Proposed Scheme. Taken in combination, the residual effects from these other topic assessments may amount to a significant change in amenity which leads to a possible loss of trade for the affected businesses. Any resulting effects on employment numbers are reported in aggregate at a route-wide level (see Volume 3).

10.5.4 The Denham Grove (De Vere Hotel) on Tilehouse Lane may experience potentially significant noise and visual effects as a result of the operation of the HS2 route and operational features such as the Colne Valley viaduct. The Hotel is set within parkland and is marketed as an environment of relaxation and tranquillity. The sensitivity of this establishment is deemed to be high as users are considered to be susceptible to changes in amenity and the operation of the route may discourage guests. Given these in combination effects and the high level of sensitivity, the Proposed Scheme is assessed to have a significant amenity effect on this business.

Operational employment 10.5.5 Operational employment will be created at locations along the route including stations, train crew facilities and infrastructure/maintenance depots which are considered unlikely to be accessed by residents within the area.

10.5.6 Direct operational employment created by the Proposed Scheme could also lead to indirect employment opportunities for local businesses in terms of supplying the project or benefiting from expenditure of directly employed workers on goods and services. Some of these employment opportunities will be accessible to residents in the locality.

10.5.7 The impact of operational employment creation has been assessed as part of the route-wide assessment (see Volume 3).

Cumulative effects 10.5.8 No committed developments have been identified that are considered to interact with the Proposed Scheme.

Other mitigation measures 10.5.9 The above assessment has concluded that there are significant adverse effects arising during operation in relation to amenity effects on businesses by the Proposed Scheme.

Summary of likely residual significant effects 10.5.10 The residual significant socio-economic effects that will arise during operation of the Proposed Scheme are the same as those reported above, as illustrated on Maps SEto SE-01-022a (Volume 5, Socio-economics Map Book).

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

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‘shared community open areas’ are those that the emerging National Planning Practice Guidance identifies may partially offset a noise effect experienced by residents at their dwellings and are either a) relatively quiet nearby external amenity spaces for sole use by a limited group of residents as part of the amenity of their dwellings or b) a relatively quiet external publicly accessible amenity space (e.g. park to local green space) that is nearby.

Quiet areas are defined in the Scope and Methodology Report as either Quiet Areas as identified under the Environmental Noise Regulations or are resources which are prized for providing tranquillity (further information is provided in Section 9).

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Sound, noise and vibration

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Quoted dB values at residential areas refer to the free-field 16 hour daytime (07:00 to 23:00) equivalent continuous sound pressure level, L pAeq,16hr.

Night-time sound levels refer to the free-field 16 hour night-time (23:00 to 07:00) equivalent continuous sound pressure level, LpAeq,8hr.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Sound, noise and vibration

11.2.6 At Wyatt’s Covert, the current acoustic environment is shaped by road traffic from local roads and the more distant North Orbital Road. The daytime noise levels at this location are typically around 55dB during the day reducing by around 7dB at night.

11.2.7 At Denham Grove (De Vere Hotel), the sound levels are shaped by local road traffic and community activity and by the distant North Orbital Road. The daytime sound levels are typically 50dB reducing by around 7dB at night.



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