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«LONDONWEST MIDLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT Volume 2 | Community Forum Area report CFA7 | Colne Valley November 2013 ES 3.2.1.7 VOL LondonWest Midlands ...»

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9.5.99 By year 15 and 60 the open views of the re-profiled landform will not have changed however, the land will have reverted back to its former agricultural land use and as such will result in a non-significant effect. This is reported, Volume 5: Appendix LVPart 4.

Viewpoint 055.6.003: View east from Denham Media Park 9.5.100 There will be filtered middle ground views through adjacent River Colne vegetation to the proposed Colne Valley viaduct. The magnitude of change will be high.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Landscape and visual assessment 9.5.101 The high magnitude of change, assessed alongside the low sensitivity of the receptor will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 operation.

9.5.102 During the summer of year 1 operation the view to the viaduct will not greatly differ and the magnitude of change will remain as high and result in a moderate adverse effect.

9.5.103 By year 15 and 60 the proposed mitigation planting along the River Colne will have further established, filtering and screening views of the viaduct. This will result in a minor adverse effect and non-significant effect in both years. This is reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 056.3.001: View south-west from Grand Union Canal PRoW (Footpath U72) 9.5.104 There will be open views of the viaduct as it crosses the lake in the middle ground to the west. The viaduct will be partially screened by vegetated islands within the lake.

The change to the view will also be partially filtered by intervening vegetation which is characteristic of the Colne Valley. As such, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.105 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the medium sensitivity of the receptor will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 operation.

9.5.106 During summer of year 1 operation, mature trees either side of the canal will narrow and further obscure the view towards the Proposed Scheme. Despite this, the overall impact will remain moderate adverse.

9.5.107 Given the open nature of the view, there will be little change by years 15 and 60 and as such the magnitude of change remains medium.

9.5.108 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the high sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect by years 15 and 60.

Viewpoint 056.3.004: View north west along A412 Denham Way/North Orbital Road near Denham Waterski Club 9.5.109 There will be foreground open views along the line of the Colne Valley viaduct including views from below the viaduct looking up towards the underside of the deck and along the piers. There will be filtered views still available through to the lake beyond. The viaduct will span the A412denham Way/North Orbital Road in the background of the view. Taking the above into account, the magnitude of change is considered to be high.

9.5.110 The high magnitude of change, assessed alongside the low sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 of operation.

9.5.111 During the summer of year 1 operation the view will not change greatly due to the large areas of cleared vegetation along the route of the proposed Colne Valley viaduct. The magnitude of change will remain as moderate.

9.5.112 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, the proposed woodland planting will have matured, providing further integration of the proposed viaduct. In locations

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Landscape and visual assessment

filtered views of the viaduct will remain and open views will still be afforded where the viaduct crosses the road in the background. The further growth of existing and proposed vegetation will result in a reduction in impact and effects will be nonsignificant. This is reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 057.4.001: View east from Tilehouse Lane 9.5.113 There will be middle ground open and filtered views of the Colne Valley north embankment (approximately 150m from the viewpoint). The train and overhead line equipment will be visible before it enters into cutting. Taking the above into account, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.114 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the low sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 of operation.

9.5.115 During the summer of year 1 the view will not change as mitigation planting will not have established.

9.5.116 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, the large swathes of proposed woodland planting will have matured, providing effective screening of the Proposed Scheme. This will reduce effects to being non-significant. These are reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 057.2.003: View north-east from residential properties and Denham Grove (De Vere Hotel) off Tilehouse Lane 9.5.117 There will be middle ground open and filtered views across the grounds of the Hotel to the Colne Valley north embankment and the Colne Valley viaduct including trains and associated overhead line equipment. Taking the above into account, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.118 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the medium sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1.





9.5.119 During the summer of year 1 there will not be a noticeable change as mitigation planting will not have established, and therefore effects will remain.

9.5.120 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, the proposed planting will have further matured, filtering views of the viaduct. This will reduce effects to minor adverse and non-significant. This is reported, Volume 5 Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoints 057.3.002: View east from Old Shire Lane PRoW (Bridleway DEN/2) and 059.3.002: View east and north from Old Shire Lane Circular Walk, PRoW (Bridleway DEN/2) 9.5.121 There will be open views across agricultural fields towards the northern approach embankment and large areas of immature woodland planting in the middle ground.

The Proposed Scheme will be predominantly in cutting within these views, although there will be a short section where the train and associated overhead line equipment will be visible. The proposed Tilehouse Lane overbridge will be a prominent element in the landscape. Taking the above into account, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Landscape and visual assessment

9.5.122 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the high sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 operation.

9.5.123 During summer of year 1 the views will remain unchanged due to the lack of existing intervening vegetation and the immature proposed mitigation planting.

9.5.124 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, large areas of proposed woodland planting will have matured, effectively screening the Proposed Scheme. This will reduce effects to non-significant. These are reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 059.3.003: View north from Old Shire Lane, Circular Walk, PRoW (Bridleway DEN/2) 9.5.125 From the Circular Walk looking north, there will be open and filtered views towards the portal and associated infrastructure in the middle ground. There will also be a short section of the Proposed Scheme where the train and associated overhead line equipment will be visible before entering the tunnel. Therefore, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.126 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the high sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 operation.

9.5.127 The view during summer of year 1 will remain predominantly unchanged due to lack of intervening vegetation.

9.5.128 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, intervening mitigation planting will have established to aid screening of the Proposed Scheme from this viewpoint. This will reduce effects to being non-significant. These are reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 060.2.001: View south from residential properties on Chalfont Lane 9.5.129 There will be filtered foreground views across agricultural fields, through garden vegetation, to the Proposed Scheme in cutting. The most visible features from this location will be the elevated bridge at Tilehouse Lane that will span the route of the Proposed Scheme. By year 1, landscape mitigation planting will not have established an effective screen. Therefore the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.130 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the high sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 operation.

9.5.131 During the summer of year 1 operation, existing intervening garden vegetation will further screen views to the Proposed Scheme. However, the effects will remain moderate adverse during summer.

9.5.132 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, linear swathes of woodland planting will have established to screen the Proposed Scheme from this location. This will reduce effects to being non-significant. This is reported, Volume 5 Appendix LV-001Part 4.

<

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Landscape and visual assessment

Viewpoint 060.3.002: View west from PRoW (Bridleway BR004) near A412 Denham Way/North Orbital Road 9.5.133 There will be filtered foreground views through roadside vegetation across agricultural fields, to the Proposed Scheme in cutting. The most visible feature from this location will be the elevated overbridge at Tilehouse Lane that will span the route of the Proposed Scheme. By year 1, landscape mitigation planting will not have established an effective screen. Therefore the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.134 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the medium sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 of operation.

9.5.135 During the summer of year 1, existing intervening roadside vegetation will further screen views to elements of the Proposed Scheme. The proposed planting along the Tilehouse Lane overbridge will not yet have established and there will be views of the bridge and associated embankments. The effects will remain moderate adverse during the summer.

9.5.136 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, linear swathes of woodland planting will have established to screen the Proposed Scheme from this location. In particular Tilehouse Lane overbridge embankment planting will have established filtering views of the overbridge. This will reduce effects to minor adverse and being non-significant.

This is reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Viewpoint 062.2.001: View south-west from Hornhill Road and PRoW (Footpath FP005) at western edge of Maple Cross 9.5.137 During operation, there will be filtered views through garden vegetation, across undulating agricultural fields towards the Proposed Scheme in cutting, the Chiltern tunnel south portal and associated extensive earthworks in the back ground. Most visible from this location will be the elevated overbridge at Tilehouse Lane and the diverted pylons. As mitigation planting will not have established an effective visual screen in year 1, the magnitude of change is considered to be medium.

9.5.138 The medium magnitude of change, assessed alongside the high sensitivity of the receptor, will result in a moderate adverse effect in the winter of year 1 of operation.

9.5.139 During the summer of year 1, existing intervening garden vegetation will provide a degree of extra screening, although effects will remain moderate adverse.

9.5.140 By year 15 and beyond to year 60 of operation, linear belts of proposed planting will have matured, providing additional screening of the Proposed Scheme. This will reduce effects to non-significant. This is reported, Volume 5: Appendix LV-001-007 Part 4.

Cumulative effects 9.5.141 Section 2.1 and Appendix CT-004-000 identify developments with planning permission or sites allocated in adopted development plans, on or close to the Proposed Scheme. These are termed ‘committed developments’ and will form part of the baseline for the operation of the Proposed Scheme. The consequential cumulative

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Landscape and visual assessment

effect of these committed developments on LCA and viewpoints is described below.

These developments are shown on Maps CT-13-011 to CT-13-013a (Volume 5, Cross Topic Appendix 1 Map Book).

9.5.142 There are no known instances where receptors that will be significantly affected by the operation of the Proposed Scheme on its own, will be significantly adversely affected by the combined operation of the Proposed Scheme and Denham Park Farm Quarry.

Other mitigation measures 9.5.143 The permanent effects of the Proposed Scheme on landscape and visual receptors have been substantially reduced through incorporation of the measures described previously. Effects in year 1 of operation may be further reduced by establishing planting early in the construction programme, which will be considered during the detail design stage. This will provide additional screening and greater integration of the Proposed Scheme into the landscape. However, no other mitigation measures are considered practicable due to the high visibility of elements of the Proposed Scheme and the sensitivity of the surrounding receptors.

Summary of likely residual significant effects 9.5.144 As no other mitigation measures are considered practicable, the permanent residual significant effects during operation remain as described above. In most cases, significant effects will reduce over time as the proposed mitigation planting matures and reaches its designed intention. However, the following residual effects will remain

following year 15 of operation:

 effects on the character of Colne River Valley LCA due to the influence that engineered landforms and the Colne Valley viaduct will have on the otherwise isolated and enclosed landscape;

 effects on views from the PRoW adjacent to HOAC arising from the visibility of the Colne Valley viaduct which will form a notable feature in the immediate landscape given the open aspect of view (receptor 52.3.005);

 effects on users of PRoW along the Colne Valley Trail and Grand Union Canal where views of the Colne Valley viaduct will remain (receptors 51.3.002 and 54.3.003); and  effects on people travelling along Moorhall Road arising from the direct view of the Colne Valley viaduct crossing over the road (receptors 53.4.002 and 54.4.001).

CFA Report – Colne Valley/No7 | Socio-economics

10 Socio-economics

Introduction

10.1 10.1.1 This section reports the likely significant economic and employment effects during the construction and operation of the Proposed Scheme.

10.1.2 The need for a socio-economic assessment results from the potential for the Proposed

Scheme to affect:

 existing businesses and community organisations and thus the amount of local employment;

 local economies, including employment; and  planned growth and development.

10.1.3 The beneficial and adverse socio-economic effects of the Proposed Scheme are reported at two different levels: route-wide and within the Colne Valley Area. Effects on levels of employment are reported at a route-wide level in Volume 3. Localised effects on businesses and observations on potential local economic effects are reported within each CFA report.

Construction 10.1.4 The proposed construction works will have the following relevance in terms of socioeconomics in relation to:

 effects on amenity (e.g. air quality and construction dust, noise and vibration, construction traffic and visual impacts) which could affect business operations.

Any resulting effects on employment are reported at a route-wide level; and  potential employment opportunities arising from construction in the local area (including in adjacent areas).

Operation 10.1.5 The proposed operation of the route will have relevance in terms of socio-economics

in relation to:



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