«GGI Analysis Paper 5/ 2012 The Global Governance Institute Pleinlaan 5, July 2012 1050 Brussels, Belgium Email: info Web: ...»
Without addressing the political context in Somalia all possible tactical gains in the fight against piracy will not be sustainable. Such strategic failure would continue to jeopardise the livelihood of the Somali people and of the international efforts. Support for the political transition requires the European Union to be present with a delegation, with personnel of the three CSDP operations and with member states’ embassies. A commitment to go ‘onshore’ is needed to prepare the future stability of Somalia.
CIA Worldfactbook. 1 July 2012 Somalia. Central Intelligence Agency, United States of America, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html Council of the European Union 2012: 7858/12 Press release: EU Operations Centre to support CSDP missions in the Horn of Africa, 23 March 2012. Brussels: European Union http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/EN/foraff/129218.p df Council of the European Union 2011: Council Conclusions on the Horn of Africa, Annex, A Strategic Framework for the Horn of Africa, 14 November 2011.
http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/EN/foraff/126052.p df EU 2012a: 12562/12 Press release, Fight against piracy: a new civilian Common Security and Defence Policy mission to strengthen maritime capacities in the Horn of Africa, 16 July 2012. Brussels: Council of the European Union, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/EN/foraff/131746.p df EU 2012b: Facthsheet EUCAP NESTOR for Regional Maritime Capacity Building for the Horn of Africa and the Western Indian Ocean. Brussels: European External Action Service http://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/1617222/factsheet__eucap_nestor_en_.pdf Ehrhart, Hans-Georg and Kerstin Petretto 2012: The EU and Somalia: Counter-Piracy and the Question of a Comprehensive Approach. Study for the Greens/European Free Alliance, Hamburg February 2012, http://www.greensefa.eu/fileadmin/dam/Documents/Studies/Ehrhart_Petretto_EUandSomalia_2012_fin.
pdf Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit – Somalia (FSNAU): Food Security & Nutrition Quarterly Brief, 25 October 2011.
Geopolicity 2011: The Economics of Piracy, http://www.geopolicity.com/upload/content/pub_1305229189_regular.pdf General Secretariat of the Council 2009: 17770/2/09 REV 2 EU diplomatic representation in third countries, 21 December 2009. Brussels: European Union http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/st17/st17770.en09.pdf Hansen, Stig Jarle 2009: Piracy in the greater Gulf of Aden. Myths, Misconceptions and Remedies. Report 2009:29, Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research.
Hansen, Stig Jarle 2008: Helps or Proxies? The Politics of Private Military Forces in Somalia.
Review of African Political Economy 35 no.118: 585-598.
Höhne, Markus and Tobias Hagmann 2009: Failures of the state failure debate: Evidence from the Somali territories. Journal of International Development Vol. 21, no.1: 42Holzer, Georg-Sebastian 2011: Anleitung zum Scheitern: Die Rolle externer Akteure in Somalia, in: Walter Feichtinger and Gerald Hainzl, Somalia: Optionen – Chancen – Stolpersteine. Böhlau, Vienna. 101-119.
Holzer, Georg-Sebastian and Ashley Elliot 2009: The Invention of Terrorism in Somalia:
paradigms and policy in US foreign relations. South African Journal of International Affairs 16 no.2: 147-161.
ICS/ ISF 2011: Best Management Practices to Deter Piracy in the Gulf of Aden and off the Coast of Somalia, v.4 August 2011. London: International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and International Shipping Federation (ISF) http://www.marisec.org/BMP4%20low%20res.pdf IHS Jane’s 2012: EU may approve strikes on Somali pirate land bases. Jane’s Defense Weekly, 1 March 2012.
International Crisis Group 2012: Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed. Africa Briefing Nr. 87.
International Crisis Group 2009: Somalia: The Trouble with Puntland. Africa Briefing Nr. 64.
Kinsley, Christopher Paul et. al. 2009: The Impact of Private Security Companies on Somalia’s Governance Network. Review of International Affairs 22 no.1: 147-161.
Kolb, A. S./ Salomon, T. R./ Udich, J. 2011: Paying Danegeld to Pirates: Humanitarian Necessity or Financing Jihadists, in A. v. Bogdandy/ R. Wolfrum, Max Planck Yearbook of the United Nations Law, Volume 15, 2011. Heidelberg: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. 105-164.
Lacher, Wolfgang et.al. 2011: Zeit für eine neue Somalia-Politik, SWP-Aktuell 55, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Marchal, Roland 2011: Somali Piracy: The Local Context of an International Obsession.
Humanity, Spring 2011.
OECD. 1 June 2012 Aid Statistics: Somalia at a Glance. OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/0/38/1878989.gif One Earth Future Foundation 2012: The Economic Cost of Somali Piracy 2011. Working Paper, http://oceansbeyondpiracy.org/sites/default/files/economic_cost_of_piracy_2011.pdf Ramsey, Amber 2011a: Alternative Approaches. Land-based Strategies to Counter Piracy off the Coast of Somalia. Civil-Military Fusion Center Anti Piracy, November 2011.
Ramsey, Amber 2011b: Barriers to Prosecution: The Problem of Piracy. Civil-Military Fusion Center Anti Piracy, September 2011.
Reuters 2012: Somali pirate kingpins enjoy "impunity": UN experts.
Reuters Africa, 18 July 2012:
http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE86H01020120718?pageNumber=1&vir tualBrandChannel=0 Salomon, T. R. 2012: Widening the Huntress’s reach: Legal and Strategic Aspects of a New Atalanta Mandate, April 2012. Global Governance Institute Briefing Paper 3/2012 http://www.globalgovernance.eu/index.php/p-s-publications-4/212-widening-thehuntress%E2%80%99s-reach-legal-and-strategic-aspects-of-a-new-atalantamandate.html, 1 July 2012.
Stone, M. 2012: Inside The EU's Anti-Piracy Nerve Centre, 23 February 2012. Sky News:
http://news.sky.com/story/928362/inside-the-eus-anti-piracy-nerve-centre Shortland, Anja 2012: Treasure Mapped: Using Satellite Imagery to Track the Developmental Effects of Somali Piracy, Chatham House Africa Programme Paper 2012/01.
Taylor, S. 2011: Greek diplomat named EU envoy for Horn of Africa, 8 December 2012.
European Voice, 8 December 2011:
http://www.europeanvoice.com/article/2011/december/greek-diplomat-named-euenvoy-for-horn-of-africa-/72912.aspx United Nations Security Council 2012: S/2012/544 Report of the Monitoring Group on
Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council resolution 2002 (2011). New York:
United Nations Security Council http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2012/544&Lang=E United Nations Security Council 2011 Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1916 (2010) 18 July 2011.
United Nations Security Council 2010: Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1853 (2008) 10 March 2010.
United States Government Accountability Office 2011: Maritime Security. Updating U.S.
Counterpiracy Action Plan Gains Urgency as Piracy Escalates off the Horn of Africa, GAO-11-449T, Mar 15, 2011.
About the Authors Georg-Sebastian Holzer is a Senior Expert in the Peace and Security Section at the Global Governance Institute where he focuses on state-building and governance in post-conflict areas. He is currently a Security Sector Advisor in Brussels and previously worked as a security-political advisor for the German Development Cooperation GIZ in Afghanistan.
Sebastian was a research assistant and security analyst focusing on political Islam and the intersection of formal and informal powers in the Horn of Africa, among others as a Consultant on Somalia for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. He holds an MA in International Economics and Conflict Management from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, DC.
Hubertus Jürgenliemk is Director of the Peace and Security Section at the Global Governance Institute. His research focuses on European Security and Defence Policy, EU cooperation with NATO and the United Nations, civilian crisis management and European security governance.
Hubertus has work experience with the United Nations Democracy Fund, the UNDP Growing Inclusive Markets Initiative, the German Federal Ministry of Economics, the Public Affairs Division of the OECD and a private sector consultancy firm. He holds a BA from the University of Konstanz and an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge, where he is currently completing his PhD in International Relations.
About the Global Governance Institute The Global Governance Institute (GGI) is an independent, non-profit think tank based in Brussels. GGI brings together policy-makers, scholars and practitioners from the world's leading institutions in order to devise, strengthen and improve forward-looking approaches to global governance.
Our core research areas are:
• Peace & Security
• Global Justice (including International Law & Human Rights)
• Environment & Sustainable Development
• Economic Policy
• Forward Studies & Innovation Our Mission Our mission is to promote comprehensive research, cutting-edge analysis and innovative advice on core policy issues, informed by a truly global perspective. This also includes raising awareness about major challenges of global governance among the general public.
Our Vision Our vision is a more equitable, peaceful and sustainable global order based on effective but accountable international organizations, the global rule of law and the empowerment of the individual across borders and cultures. GGI places particular emphasis on the improvement of the United Nations system and its mutual reinforcement with strong regional organizations.